What is a 52 Week High and Low in Stocks

The 52-week high/low is a stock's highest and lowest price per share in the previous 52 weeks. The high and low figures are calculated using the daily closing share price. They do not take into account any intraday highs or lows that may be reached. Investors are interested in 52-week high/low statistics for a variety of reasons, including how volatile the stock has been over the last year and whether the company is going in one direction or the other.

Let us understand it in depth here and see how you can make use of it in your investment journey.

Understanding 52 Week High and Low in Stocks

The 52-week high/low information can be used in a variety of ways, depending on your investing approach. You may conclude that a stock is more volatile than the stocks you choose to invest in based on the difference between its high and low closing prices. 

When a new 52-week high or low is reached - other investors decide whether to buy or sell. According to a 2008 study, the volume of shares purchased or sold surges during weeks when a stock price crosses the 52-week high or low threshold. According to the paper - the trade increases when the stock crosses past the high or low mark then decreases.

Momentum investors are among those who pay close attention to 52-week high/low levels. This technique assumes that the recent winners and losers in a stock market will continue to be winners and losers in the short term. The method is often referred to as relative strength investing.

Momentum investors utilize 52-week highs and lows to trigger a buy or sell order because they believe they are causing a stock to soar above or fall below its 52-week range and that those factors will continue to push the price in that direction. Because they are unable to continuously monitor stock market movements - momentum investors frequently create a stop-loss order to sell a stock if the price falls far enough or a limit order to commence a purchase if the price reaches a price goal.

Example of 52 Week High or Low

There are various websites that show you - even indices and exchanges show you 52 week high or low stocks. For instance, you can look up 52 week high stocks NSE.

For example, an investor who is analyzing an automobile company on the 21st of June can check a website and find the highest closing price of the stock hit in the previous 52 weeks, and you will find a rate. It will also show you the lowest closing price that the stock reached in the same period.

The Importance of this Indicator

The 52-week high/low statistic can be used by investors to establish an entry or exit point for a certain stock. These oscillations frequently signal to investors that a stock has reached its peak or bottom and will not climb or fall in the near term.

As a result, the 52-week high or low indicates a degree of resistance or support for a particular asset.

Alternatively, if a stock breaks through its 52-week high and continues to rise, it may imply to investors that some variables have generated enough momentum to propel the price above its prior 52-week range. They anticipate the momentum will continue to push the price in the same direction, making now an excellent time to buy.

What is 52 Week High or Low Reversal?

A stock that sets a 52-week high intraday but then falls the next day may have peaked. This suggests that its price is unlikely to rise much in the foreseeable future. This can be detected if it creates a daily shooting star, which occurs when a security trades much higher than its initial price but then falls later in the day to close at or near its opening price.

Professionals and institutions frequently use 52-week highs to create take-profit orders in order to lock in gains. In order to limit their losses, they may also use 52-week lows to calculate stop-loss levels.

Given the stock market's inherent upward tilt, a 52-week high shows bullish sentiment in the market. There are generally plenty of investors willing to forego some additional price appreciation in order to lock in some or all of their gains.

Stocks that set new 52-week highs are frequently the most vulnerable to profit-taking, resulting in pullbacks and trend reversals.

Similarly, a stock that makes a new 52-week low intra-day but fails to establish a new closing 52-week low may be a hint of a bottom. This can be recognized if it produces a daily hammer candlestick, which occurs when an asset trades much lower than its initial price then rises later in the day to close at or near its opening price.

This may prompt short-sellers to begin buying to cover their holdings, as well as bargain seekers to begin making movements. When a daily hammer forms, stocks that have made five consecutive daily 52-week lows are more likely to witness big rallies.


This indicator shows the strong change of significant gains. It could be an indicator that nudges you to buy more securities of a company - and as risky as it sounds, the rewards could be fulfilling too.

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